20 November 2012

Global Mobility: Possible Consequences in the Spreading of Infectious Diseases and the Prevention through Social-Cultural Approach

Posted by Mirth under: Health / Kesehatan; culture / budaya .

http://inter.oop.cmu.ac.th

Global Mobility: Possible Consequences in the Spreading of Infectious Diseases and the Prevention through Social-Cultural Approach

Myrtati D. Artaria

Dept. Anthropology, Airlangga University, Surabaya (Indonesia)

 

ABSTRACT

 

Global mobilization is undoubtedly affecting all aspects of human around the world, including the spread of disease. The colonization of America was a good example of the influence of disease upon history. Meanwhile, disease may affect the wellbeing and the economic status of an individual. There is a believe that diseases are the result of poverty. However, some diseases are now not only the result of poverty, but have been contributing to poverty so that there is a worrying circle. For example, according to WHO, Malaria has been a major restraint to economic development. Thus, global mobility has positive aspects, as well as negative impact to the world’s population. There is a changing nature of the global health problems. In 2002, almost 11 million people died of infectious diseases. There are 8.8 million new cases of Tuberculosis (TB) and 1.75 million deaths from TB, each year. AIDS/HIV has spread rapidly. UNAIDS estimates for 2008 that there were roughly 33.4 million living with HIV, 2.7 million new infections of HIV, 2 million deaths from AIDS. Recently, 1.6 million people still die from pneumococcal diseases every year, more than half of the victims are children. Halting and reversing the spread of infectious disease required far greater access to prevention services and treatment, care and support than was currently available. It has been estimated that in the next 40 to 50 years infections, which have been problematic for years, will become even more of a problem. This rise is due to several factors, one of them is the increase in global travel. Mass media is the most effective way to reach broad audiences. However, they must be planned and tested to ensure that the messages reach, and meet the interests of, the chosen audience segments. It is suggested that prevention and treatment strategies should  be integrated within existing social, cultural and religious frameworks, working with religious leaders as key collaborators, and provision of appropriate healthcare resources and infrastructure. The prevention of Avian flu virus in Indonesia was a good example.

 

Keywords: preventing infection, germs, disease, behavioral interventions, social-cultural

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